Amal/thematic lexicon

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  • amul - n - man
  • shena - n - woman
  • kadab - n - Mr., sir, gentleman, lord
  • kaden - n - Mrs., Miss, Ms., ma'am, lady
  • eneb - n - name
  • kesha - n - person; indiviual
  • eshak - n - family
  • aba - n - father
  • ena - n - mother
  • ahu - n - brother
  • epan - n - sister
  • deshu - n - boy; son
  • neska - n - girl; daughter
  • usaba - n - uncle
  • usshen - n - aunt
  • deshus - n - nephew
  • neskus - n - niece
  • abliya - n - grandfather
  • liyena - n - grandmother
  • deshísh - n - grandson
  • neskísh - n - granddaughter
  • yarin - n - cousin
  • yegul - n - husband
  • yegen - n - wife
  • yegra - n - marriage; marry
  • bushra - n - divorce
  • yegai - n - in-law
  • wamísh - n - baby; infant
  • wama - n - child, offspring, son or daughter
  • daqarin / dawam - n - teenager
  • keshám - n - adult
  • habin - n - friend; comrade
  • shikebin - n - enemy
man; male
woman; female
parent; adult
parent's sibling
son; boy
daughter; girl
male cousin
female cousin



  • nul - zero
  • wa - one
  • ni - two
  • ush - three
  • ha - four
  • kish - five
  • sha - six
  • seb - seven
  • pu / eta - eight
  • nen - nine
  • da - ten
  • sada - hundred
  • kisshada - five hundred
  • hesha - thousand
  • dahesh - ten thousand
  • sadesh - hundred thousand
  • uhun - million
  • ulun - billion

Higher Numbers

  • dawa - eleven
  • nidaqush or niqush - twenty-three
  • usshada - 300
  • pulun - 8 billion



Months of the Year

  • wahil - January
  • nihil - February
  • ushehil - March
  • hilha - April
  • kishehil - May
  • shahil - June
  • sebhil - July
  • etahil - August
  • nenehil - September
  • dahil - October
  • dawahil - November
  • danihil - December

Days of the week

  • wagun - Monday
  • nigun - Tuesday
  • ushegun - Wednesday
  • hagun - Thursday
  • kishegun - Friday
  • shagun - Saturday
  • sebegun - Sunday


Very basic words


the a, one

this (here) that (there)

past tense future tense would (conditional/subjunctive)


I, me my we, us our

you (singular) your (singular) you (plural) your (plural)

he, she, him, her it they, them himself, herself, itself, themselves one (indefinite pronoun) his, her, its, their, one's

what, that, which who, whom whose why


and both… and or either… or neither… nor but if, whether then, consequently because in order that, so that that

Affirmation and negation

actually, indeed by all means by no means certainly evidently of course no, not maybe perhaps probably yes is it the case that…? (question particle)

Basic verbs

Very basic verbs

be become do, cause to let, allow, permit must, should, need want, intend can, could, be able

Simple movements

arrive come come back depart, leave enter exit fall fly follow go jump raise, rise, lift roll run sit stand rest stop swim travel walk


begin break burn change close cool dry empty fall fill finish, end follow hang heat lead open wet, moisten


freeze rain shine snow

Biological actions

be born die drink eat hear listen live need see sleep smell taste waken


cry, weep desire, wish fear feel (well, etc.) hate hope hurt, ache interest laugh like, enjoy love please prefer smile


believe decide dream forget know (a fact) know, be acquainted with learn make a mistake, err remember think understand, comprehend

Choice and exchange

buy choose, elect collect, gather, pick compare cost give have pay sell take


agree answer ask call (name) count define describe discuss explain forgive greet introduce (person), present invite joke, jest lie measure pardon permit promise pronounce read recommend refuse repeat say, tell shout sing speak spell suggest tell, relate thank translate write

Cultural actions

bathe celebrate comb cook cure, heal dance draw, sketch dress drive (a vehicle) fasten, fix kiss live, dwell play (game) send study teach visit wash wear (clothes) work

Other actions

avoid bring carry cause cut do, make find help hit, strike hurt, injure lose pull push put, place seem, appear throw tie touch, knock, play use win, gain

Basic adjectives

Spatial adjectives

closed covered deep distant empty enormous external flat following, next full heavy high intact internal large last left long low mixed mobile narrow near neighboring open parallel right (not left) round separate shallow sharp short small, little square steep straight, direct thick, not thin thin wide, broad

Existential adjectives

absent alone ambiguous common complete complicated different double entire equal general opposite only, sole other real same similar simple unequal

Evaluative adjectives

bad good just unjust doubtful false, wrong impossible necessary probable possible sure, certain TRUE

inferior major maximum mean, average middle minor minimum superior supreme

beautiful, pretty cheap clean comfortable comic correct dangerous dear, beloved delicate, easily damaged difficult dirty easy elegant exact expensive extreme forbidden foreign harmful holy important incredible interesting known laughable, ridiculous lost own, one's own painful perfect precise private public pure rare safe, secure secret severe special strange ugly uncomfortable unfortunate useful usual violent


color black light blue, sky blue dark blue, navy blue brown clear dark fair, blond gray green orange pale pink purple red white yellow

Other sensory adjectives

bitter boiling cold cooked cool damp dense dry edible firm, fixed fresh, new fried hard hollow hot light, lightweight loose, slack loud, strong mild raw rigid ripe rough (not smooth) salty silent, mute smooth soft, not hard sour sticky sweet tender tight warm, tepid wet

Biological adjectives

awake blind busy dead deaf drunk dumb fat feeble, weak female fertile healthy hungry lean male naked poor pregnant rich satisfied sick, ill sober strong thirsty tired young

Mental adjectives

able, capable agreeable amusing angry astonished brave, courageous cheerful content cruel curious, inquisitive dishonest educated employed faithful foolish free friendly grateful guilty happy honest human, humane jealous joyous just, fair kind lazy mad, crazy married nice polite proud quiet, calm rude sad unhappy wise

“Where?” words


at, to in front of behind from, out of in, into outside on above, over below, under between, among by, beside, up to along across, through beyond, past around against, opposite


above, upstairs, upward around backwards, behind before, in front of, forward below, downstairs, downward inside on the left on the right opposite, facing outside through, across

nearby far away home, homeward, at home abroad

here, hither there, thither hence, from here thence, from there here and there

area, locale location, place

somewhere anywhere, wherever elsewhere everywhere nowhere

“How many?” words


all every, each many some any few no, none same other, else

person thing everyone someone anyone no one certain both

enough such too sole, only


one two three four five six seven eight nine ten

eleven twenty hundred thousand million

first whole unitary, simple

once twice

more… than less… than as… as, like as many as, as much as


meter are liter gram degree

micro- milli- centi- deci- deka- hecto- kilo- mega-


about above all almost also, too as much, so, so much at least at most besides chiefly completely enough even exactly, just so extremely first, in the first place hardly, scarcely lastly less and less little, not much more and more more or less mostly much, very not at all not even only partly somewhat too, too much

“When?” words


time occasion, time past present future

second minute hour midday, noon midnight day morning evening night

week month year decade century millenia era, epoch

spring summer autumn winter


January February March April May June July August September October November December

Days of the week

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday


ancient fast late, tardy future monthly next new old past previous, preceding present (of time) ready recent slow sudden


at before after since in (… from now) until during


after before since till, until while


now, at once, at present then, at that time, then after, afterwards before, previously, formerly from then on, since then from now on, henceforth until then until now not yet, not now again

at times at all times every time at any time often, repeatedly sometimes, from time to time, now and then seldom, occasionally formerly, at other times this time not this time

on time, in time always never at the same time

early, quick, soon, shortly as soon as possible soon after next late at the latest lately meanwhile already still, yet at first at last in the past in the future

in the morning in the evening at night this morning every morning today yesterday tomorrow yesterday morning tomorrow evening the other day the day before yesterday the day after tomorrow this week last week next week in one week

daily weekly monthly yearly

what is the time? it is one o'clock half past five quarter to five quarter past five twenty to five twenty past five

“How?” words


of, about, concerning for, as a means of, in order to, on behalf of by (actor, author) because of with, by means of, in company of without, except opposite, against, in spite of approximately


aloud as it were, you could say, as if, like… badly by chance by heart deliberately, carefully directly for instance, for example fortunately hastily in general in vain little by little loudly notably, nota bene on purpose, intentionally, willingly quickly rather, preferably slowly so, thus softly suddenly together unfortunately well

Basic nouns

The sky

air cloud darkness frost ice light night noise rain shadow sky smoke snow storm thunder weather wind

The water

bay beach bottom cape coast island lake pond river sand sea stream water wave

The land

cave countryside desert land field flower forest garden grass hill hole meadow mountain mud plain rock valley view

Other nature nouns

east north south west

nature world

sun moon earth star

Atlantic Pacific Europe Asia Africa Australia America

The body

ankle arm back beard blood body bone brain breast cheek chest chin ear elbow eye face finger flesh foot hair (on head) hand head heart hip knee leg lip moustache mouth muscle nail neck nose shoulder skin stomach tear throat thumb toe tongue tooth wrist

age appetite cold complexion cough danger disease fever health pulse surgery wound


animal mammal bear cat cattle dog donkey elephant fox goat hare horse lion monkey mouse mule pig rabbit rat seal sheep squirrel tiger whale wolf

bird chicken duck goose

fish cod eel herring salmon trout tuna shark lizard snake frog

insect ant bee butterfly fly mosquito wasp spider

lobster mussel octopus oyster snail worm

feather fin horn skin, fur tail wing


tree oak pine vine nut berry branch fruit leaf root seed, pip


apple apricot cherry date fig grape lemon lime melon olive orange peach pear pineapple plum raspberry strawberry


artichoke asparagus bean cabbage carrot cauliflower celery chive cucumber garlic herbs legume lentil lettuce mint mushroom onion parsley pea potato pumpkin radish sage spinach tomato turnip grain barley maize, corn oats rice rye wheat


meal, dinner breakfast lunch supper food dessert salad soup stew


meat bacon beef chicken cut fat mutton pork rib roast sausage steak

Other foods

biscuit bread cake flour roll, bun

butter cheese cream egg omelet

honey jam mustard oil pepper salt sauce sugar vinegar


beverage, drink alcohol beer brandy coffee milk soda water tea wine

The table

cup glass plate, dish saucer tray, platter fork knife spoon napkin tablecloth

The kitchen

basin, bowl bottle coffeepot frying pan jug kettle lid pot saucepan, pan scale (for weighing) teapot


tool, instrument machine

axe chisel hammer shovel, spade gun pliers saw screwdriver wrench, spanner

broom bucket iron (for ironing) ladder sponge

needle pin scissors

bag ball box key lock

cord line match nail net nut pipe (water, etc.) razorblade screw wire


metal brass copper gold iron lead silver steel

brick concrete glass leather marble stone wood


item of clothing fashion

panties, underpants petticoat slip sock stocking tights undershirt

nightgown pyjamas

apron dress shirt shorts skirt trousers tunic suit

coat, jacket overcoat, raincoat waistcoat, vest

boot glove hat sandal shoe

belt handkerchief tie

jewelry jewelry case bracelet earring necklace ring

briefcase handbag parasol glasses, spectacles umbrella wallet, purse watch

cigar cigarette pipe

button collar pocket

cloth, fabric cloth, piece of cloth cotton silk wool

brush comb powder soap toothbrush


man woman boy girl Mr., sir, gentleman, lord Mrs., Miss, Ms., ma'am, lady

name person

family father mother brother sister son daughter uncle aunt nephew niece grandfather grandmother grandson granddaughter cousin

husband wife marriage divorce in-law

baby child teenager adult friend enemy


actor ambassador author baker butcher captain cashier, purser chef chemist, pharmacist, druggist client, customer cook dentist doctor engineer judge king lawyer maid, valet manager mechanic musician nurse (hospital) official painter policeman porter postman, postwoman programmer queen servant shoemaker shopper singer student surgeon tailor teacher waiter, waitress workman, laborer, peasant


idea manner memory mind mood, temper need sense, meaning sentence voice word

Reading and writing

book date dictionary eraser, rubber ink lesson, lecture map menu news newspaper note number page paper pen pencil periodical, magazine poetry signature

case, instance detail example fact point problem

address bill card email envelope letter mail mailbox parcel postage postcard post office sender stamp


orchestra band soloist musician singer instrument

flute saxophone horn trumpet violin cello guitar piano accordion organ drum bell

The town

city town village

building dairy farm bakery bank boarding house, B&B bookshop butcher's shop hospital hotel, inn laundry library market restaurant theater embassy, consulate factory office police station prison school university

castle cathedral church museum palace tower

bridge courtyard fountain square

highway railroad road (country) street (city) walk, sidewalk, pavement

The house

house flat, apartment

bathroom bedroom closet dining room kitchen living room, lounge pantry, larder room toilet

balcony basement ceiling chimney corner door

elevator floor, story ground floor roof stairs wall window

armchair bed cabinet, cupboard carpet chair, seat couch, sofa drawer furniture stool table wardrobe

air conditioner bath fan freezer furnace, heater oven refrigerator sink stove telephone vacuum cleaner washer, washing machine

alarm clock basket bell (door) blanket candle candlestick curtain cushion fire flame flower pot lamp mirror picture pillow CD, record sheet towel toy

electricity switch on off

The computer

computer mouse modem printer

memory disk data file folder document menu software, program, application

internet world wide web browser online offline


arrival baggage connection customs delay departure entrance exit passenger passport platform station suitcase ticket

airplane automobile bicycle boat coach, railroad car locomotive, engine motorcycle ship train tram, trolley car truck, lorry

brake engine gasoline, petrol pump puncture sail steering wheel tire, tyre wheel windshield, windscreen


accident army art company country crime government group history language, tongue luxury law money nation peace people, community politics price prize right, just claim rule, regulation science sport wages war